More human studies are needed to fully understand the range of risks and side effects that CBD oil may cause. Studies of CBD oil aren’t common. This is partially because Schedule 1 substances like cannabis are highly regulated, causing some obstacles for researchers. With the legalization of marijuana products, more research is possible, and more answers will come.
Use a water bong and a healthstone if you already have them. Place a healthstone, which is a carbon-stone patty, into your bowl and scoop some CBD oil onto the end of a dabber. Then, hold the end of the dabber just over the healthstone and light the dabber with a lighter. This will heat up the dabber so that the oil falls onto the healthstone and becomes vaporized. Light the bowl and use the water bong normally, by inhaling through the mouthpiece.[1]
CBD hemp oil has a huge range of potential health benefits and uses, including reducing pain, soothing anxiety, fighting chronic diseases, improving mood, eliminating depression, preventing inflammatory arthritis, protecting the immune system, balancing the metabolism, aiding sleep disorders, and healing the skin, among others. CBD oil can also be used in many different ways and has a variety of applications for natural health.
I’ve just started today with 250mg cbd oil.  I’m starting low to see what happens.  I’ve nerve damage across buttocks from a laminectomy.  I’ve not been able to sit for 5 years. I’ve recently started with a muscle spasm in my left buttock and the muscle above is painful. It is only the first day, also tried a cbd night time tea as well.  Do change in muscle pain so tight on my left hand side.  How long before felt it starting to work please.  I’m trying not to expect changes straightaway.  I also take 1100mg gabapentin and 30mg amitriptyline and I hate both of them – they both can cause muscle tightness affecting the nerve.  Thank you Lyn
They have loads of positive customer reviews on their website, including recommendations from a prominent UK/EU CBD user Facebook group. Even though Provacan legally does not advertise their CBD oils as having medicinal effects, one customer (by the name of “Seb”),  noted that he/she use the 6% oil for chronic pain, and after 2 weeks was able to cut their prescription meds by almost 50%.
So, what is the best way to use CBD oil? CBD comes in a variety of forms, such as oil, tincture, oil for vaping, sublingual spray, edibles, and topical creams, so you can choose the method that is most suitable for your use. The main idea behind all the methods of using CBD is to make sure that this cannabinoid ends up in your system in an easy manner, producing the results you want. But when it comes to choosing the right method, it depends very much on the optimal dose in your case, the results you wish to achieve, and how long you want its effects to last. So, there isn’t a general rule when it comes to using CBD products.
If you’re completely new to CBD oil, then this 2019 guide is for you. If you’ve been around the block, then you’ve probably experienced the following: you type into google “CBD oil for Sale,” you’re immediately shown hundreds of results, and when you click the first link, you get overloaded with sale offers or different promotions trying to sell you one thing or another.
Top brands that create CBD products and offer sales, grow these plants and then extract the goodness of these plants, using different techniques to produce capsules, liquids, sprays or other CBD products. There are a few different ways to extract the “goodness” from the Cannabis plants, but the method most used by all the top brands is called CO2 extraction.

After consulting with Amanda Chantal Bacon of Moon Juice, I decided to invest in a bottle of Gone Green Hemp CBD Oil in the 500mg tincture. Gone Green is a really incredible company that only sources the best herbs, adaptogens, and superfoods, so I knew I would be getting a very high-quality product when I grabbed their bottle off of Moon Juice’s shelf. You can buy Gone Green’s Hemp CBD Oil online—it’s 100% legal in all 50 states. They have the best customer service ever, and they carry tons of other fantastic products that any health-conscious person would love!
Most human studies of CBD have been done on people who have seizures, and the FDA recently approved the first CBD-based drug, Epidiolex, for rare forms of epilepsy. Clinical trials for other conditions are promising, but tiny. In one Brazilian study published in 2011 of people with generalized social anxiety disorder, for example, taking a 600-mg dose of CBD (higher than a typical dose from a tincture) lessened discomfort more than a placebo, but only a dozen people were given the pill.

I have been taking full spectrum Hemp CBD oil (1000mg)(Green Gold CBD) sublingually for two months, a daily dosage of 50mg. I had no noticeable side effects. The other morning I took 100 mg to see if it changed anything with respect to some back pain I was experiencing. At lunch I had explosive diarrhea which lasted for several hours. It went away over night. Today, I went online and learned that 10% of CBD get similar problems.

Use a water bong and a healthstone if you already have them. Place a healthstone, which is a carbon-stone patty, into your bowl and scoop some CBD oil onto the end of a dabber. Then, hold the end of the dabber just over the healthstone and light the dabber with a lighter. This will heat up the dabber so that the oil falls onto the healthstone and becomes vaporized. Light the bowl and use the water bong normally, by inhaling through the mouthpiece.[1]
Although I’m no physician, and am not qualified to recommend any drugs for any specific medical purposes, and you should consult your doctor when considering the consumption of anything that may be medicinal: If you’re looking to experiment with CBD products, you might consider looking for CBD products that are “whole plant” extract based from very high CBD cultivars. If you’re in a State that has a legal Cannabis system, you may also find more therapeutic benefits from non-hemp derived CBD products.
As per usual, I simply had to try the gummies and, in this case, each one contains 25mg of CBD which is more than enough for a daily serving. Each bottle has 20 gummies for $35, and if you’re taking CBD for the first time, it may be wise to try half or even a quarter of one. Ingredients include grape juice concentrate, organic corn syrup, and citric acid. I tried these an hour before bed, and I can tell you that I slept like a well-fed baby.
Topicals – Topicals are typically salves or creams that have been infused with cannabis or hemp oil. This allows for easy use to treat problem areas. Many senior citizens use topicals for arthritis or other auto-immune disorders however because of restrictions imposed by various agencies we are not allowed to say whether this is an effective treatment or now. However, a quick Google search will help you find what you are looking for in terms of effectiveness.
Cannabidiol, or CBD for short, is a phyto-cannabinoid found in cannabis plants. However, it does not cause the same psychoactive effects as other naturally occurring cannabinoids (such as tetrahydrocannabinol, or THC). CBD induces feelings of sleepiness and tranquility, making it suitable for insomnia and other sleep disorders; CBD can be used to alleviate symptoms of epilepsy, diabetes, and anxiety disorders, as well. Legality is an issue for some; all 50 states have laws governing the sale, possession, and use of CBD, and they vary significantly (see the table below for a full analysis).
CBD vape oil is a very straightforward way to take CBD. Your usage will depend on which type of vape product you purchase. If you buy vape oil, you will need to fill a vaporizer with the oil. Otherwise, you can buy a vape kit that includes a disposable vape cartridge which simply screws into the vaporizer. This option completely curtails the hassle of maintaining a vaporizer needing to be refilled with e-liquid. If you are using a re-usable vaporizer pen, keep in mind you will need to replace the tank and/or coil once in a while.
When it comes to using CBD, questions keep coming up, especially from people who try CBD for the first time. Since there are different CBD products and because CBD can be used in different ways, the question of how to use CBD oil is quite legitimate.  What CBD products are available, how they can be used, and the bioavailability of each product is covered in this article.
It’s safe to say that Charlotte’s Web is probably the most recognized CBD brand out there — and it’s not all hype. This company pioneered the CBD industry and made it their mission to de-stigmatize CBD by setting the bar high for transparency. They produce and oversee their organic CBD products from seed to sale, standing behind them with a solid return policy. 
They have loads of positive customer reviews on their website, including recommendations from a prominent UK/EU CBD user Facebook group. Even though Provacan legally does not advertise their CBD oils as having medicinal effects, one customer (by the name of “Seb”),  noted that he/she use the 6% oil for chronic pain, and after 2 weeks was able to cut their prescription meds by almost 50%.
When it comes to using CBD, questions keep coming up, especially from people who try CBD for the first time. Since there are different CBD products and because CBD can be used in different ways, the question of how to use CBD oil is quite legitimate.  What CBD products are available, how they can be used, and the bioavailability of each product is covered in this article.
Unfortunately due to the disappointing and down right inaccurate position of the federal government in classifying Cannabis as a schedule one drug, most research institutions risk federal funding if they conduct real research on Cannabis. This has dramatically limited the potential for real research by real scientists to be conducted. That research is critical to better understanding the multitude of therapeutic effects of the various chemical constituents found in Cannabis.
Biopurus features a large range of concentrates, from the 5% CBD whole-plant extract to the strongest 30% CBD oil. The only caveat with this whole-plant extract (which is beyond full spectrum) is that it has a stronger, thicker texture than a regular CBD oil, and needs to be stored in an upright position to avoid any leakage. A Biopurus extract is not suitable for travelling or bringing along to the commute, but if you’re happy to keep it in your cupboard and have it before breakfast and dinner, in our opinion, this is by far the best range of organic CBD oils you can get.
Based in Los Angeles, Calm by Wellness plans to be among the largest hemp-growing and CBD extraction facilities in the world by the end of 2019. The company sources their hemp from Colorado and uses clean CO2 technology to extract their CBD and other cannabinoids (no THC though!). The company is also GMP and ISO9001 food-grade manufacturer certified.
Our pick for Best Customer Experience is Fab CBD, a brand that offers high-quality CBD products at a reasonable price and provides additional perks for shoppers. The company’s CBD oil is available in four concentrations, ranging from 240mg to 1,500mg, which makes the oil suitable for those with light to moderate insomnia symptoms. The oil is available in natural, mint, and citrus flavors; prices range from 11 to 26 cents per mg, depending on the concentration. Fab CBD also offers edible gummies and a CBD topical oil.
CBD oil is not legal everywhere. It is banned/restricted by countries such as UAE, Dubai, and Saudi Arabia. Although CBD oil is illegal in many of the US states too, some have legalized its use for medicinal purposes. While the number would be ever-changing, as of 2016 there are 17 states in the US which have legalized the use of low THC, high CBD products for medical reasons in limited situations. These states include Alabama, Georgia, Iowa, Kentucky, Florida, Mississippi, Louisiana, Missouri, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Wisconsin, Wyoming, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, and Virginia. It is advisable to consult your local health specialist before use.
I am impressed with the company CV Sciences that makes Plus CBDoil. I have just used the gold, so I cannot comment on the green version. I take the gold soft gels for sleep. I think they are amazing. I need a cup of coffee in the AM, but that is it. So far, I find that the most effective, convenient and economical purchase of CBD. JUST MY OPINION BASED ON MY EXPERIENCE. OTHERS MAY DIFFER.

My mom is late stage dementia.  We have tried coconut oil/black pepper/curcumin combo for years.  Gives only tine bit of help, and is not something that reverses dementia.  Maybe in someone who can score better than a 14 on the mme it could be of help.  But cannabinoid is a different story.  Cannabinoids produce better results in less time.  Can’t say yet that they will reverse anything though.
More human studies are needed to fully understand the range of risks and side effects that CBD oil may cause. Studies of CBD oil aren’t common. This is partially because Schedule 1 substances like cannabis are highly regulated, causing some obstacles for researchers. With the legalization of marijuana products, more research is possible, and more answers will come.

After months of visiting doctors and sitting through tests like a human lab rat, it was determined that there was a slight anomaly in the anatomy of my temporal lobe—the part of the brain that controls hearing, speech, and auditory comprehension—which explains why every time I have a seizure, I suddenly don’t understand the English language. Epilepsy can’t be cured, so the only course of action available for me was to take a medication every day for the rest of my life. My neurologist prescribed a few different anti-convulsant medications, but they all made me feel tired, depressed, slow, and unlike myself—until finally, I found one that was slightly better than the rest.
When it comes to using CBD, questions keep coming up, especially from people who try CBD for the first time. Since there are different CBD products and because CBD can be used in different ways, the question of how to use CBD oil is quite legitimate.  What CBD products are available, how they can be used, and the bioavailability of each product is covered in this article.
Cost is another consideration. Most CBD oils are sold in concentrations of 300 to 750 mg, although this may range from less than 100 mg to more than 2,000. A good indicator of price-point is the cost per milligram. Low-cost CBD oils usually fall between five and 10 cents per mg; mid-range prices are 11 to 15 cents per mg; and higher-end oils cost 16 cents per mg or higher. Given these varying per-milligram costs, a bottle of CBD oil may be priced anywhere from $10 or less to $150 or more.
Quick review: We love CBDistillery for the value. With quality CBD oils starting at $20, CBDistillery offers good products at a great price. This affordability has made CBDistillery one of the fastest growing companies in the hemp space. Their Colorado-grown product line is also comprehensive, including various oil concentrations, salves, edibles, and suppositories.
Unfortunately due to the disappointing and down right inaccurate position of the federal government in classifying Cannabis as a schedule one drug, most research institutions risk federal funding if they conduct real research on Cannabis. This has dramatically limited the potential for real research by real scientists to be conducted. That research is critical to better understanding the multitude of therapeutic effects of the various chemical constituents found in Cannabis.

Dry Mouth: As is the case with many other hemp- and marijuana-based products, CBD oil often leads to a condition known as dry mouth (or cottonmouth). This is likely due to cannabinoids altering receptors in the lower jaw that trigger salivation. In most cases, mild discomfort and stronger-than-average thirst are the only issues associated with dry mouth.
The endocannabinoid system is spread throughout your brain and body, but primarily throughout your central nervous system. The interaction between cannabinoids and receptors is what produces effects like the regulation of mood, pain, appetite, inflammation, and memory. Plant-based cannabinoids, found in cannabis plants, also interact with the receptors (whimsically named CB1 and CB2) in the endocannabinoid system, and each affects your body in different ways. CBD and its infamous cousin THC are the 2 most well-known cannabinoids.
Third-Party Testing: Once a CBD oil is manufactured, CBD oil companies will often submit their products for third-party tests, which are conducted by non-company personnel to ensure the product is safe for public consumption and meets quality standards.CBD oils should always be accompanied with information about third-party tests; best practice is to avoid oils that do not supply these details.
The information on this website has not been evaluated by the Food & Drug Administration or any other medical body. We do not aim to diagnose, treat, cure or prevent any illness or disease. Information is shared for educational purposes only. You must consult your doctor before acting on any content on this website, especially if you are pregnant, nursing, taking medication, or have a medical condition.
Secondly, keep in mind that pure hemp oil does not taste good to many. Each harvest renders slightly different flavors because the flavor and aroma come from compounds within the hemp plant called terpenes. Just like cannabinoids, you don’t know exactly which terpenes have developed in the plant until the oil has been extracted and tested. This makes it difficult to guarantee how each batch will taste.
Use a water bong and a healthstone if you already have them. Place a healthstone, which is a carbon-stone patty, into your bowl and scoop some CBD oil onto the end of a dabber. Then, hold the end of the dabber just over the healthstone and light the dabber with a lighter. This will heat up the dabber so that the oil falls onto the healthstone and becomes vaporized. Light the bowl and use the water bong normally, by inhaling through the mouthpiece.[1] 

Our bodies are thought to produce endocannabinoids by the billions every day. “We always thought the ‘runner’s high’ was due to the release of dopamine and endorphins. But now we know the euphoria is also from an endocannabinoid called anandamide,” its name derived from the Sanskrit word for bliss, says Joseph Maroon, MD, clinical professor and vice chairman of neurosurgery at the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center. We produce these natural chemicals all day, but they fade quickly because enzymes pop up to destroy them. That’s where CBD comes in: By blocking these enzymes, CBD allows the beneficial compounds to linger.
I have crohns dibeates 2 stage kidney failure I take 6000 mg of chemicals a day when I get a flair l might lose a lot of blood I’ve had fistula surgery once darn mean killed me 2 more just gut surgerys little bit of gut removed I tease my gut doctor he schoold just put in a zipper any way I’m looking for something natural to try for pain also where I live if you get caught automatic life so the delima begins how much would any one suggest starting out with thanks for your time also compared to most of the folks mine seems like a minor problem on this site but I would appreciate some advice I hope all you folks have good lives and remember god always loves you even though sometimes you think he may have forgotten you
I am a father of six boys and have two combat tours under my belt with the Army Infantry. I suffered for years with anxiety, depression ,knee and back pain, until this. Plus CBD oil , gold has changed everything, I have used approximately 7 drops twice daily for almost a year now. I decided to try CBD oil after a trip to the ER for heart palpitations and severe anxiety attack, that I thought was a heart attack but after the ER told me my heart was fine and after seeing a cardiologist and him also clearing me, I suffered from a lump under my rib cage that almost felt like someone was squeezing my heart all day, every day until I started the CBD oil drops. It took me over7 mo ths to feel normal again but slowly , using CBD oil every day, my symptoms have almost completely went away. Today I have very mild anxiety and the stress is bearable., I feel much more relaxed than I did for almost 13 years after exiting the military. If you suffer from mild knee or back pain, moderate to severe anxiety or are prone to lots of stress, this is your saving Grace. This stuff did what Drs and Cardiologists couldn’t do! Twice a day, when you get up and just before bed. Feel better every day and it’s been a year…..still getting better.

Many people are tempted to believe that products that contain CBD only are the best, thinking that using just CBD alone is a more effective treatment. While products that contain single-molecule CBD, meaning that you won’t find any other compounds, are already provided as medicines, they are not exactly more efficient than whole plant extract CBD oil, when it comes to therapeutic effects.
More human studies are needed to fully understand the range of risks and side effects that CBD oil may cause. Studies of CBD oil aren’t common. This is partially because Schedule 1 substances like cannabis are highly regulated, causing some obstacles for researchers. With the legalization of marijuana products, more research is possible, and more answers will come.
The statements made regarding these products have not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration. The efficacy of these products has not been confirmed by FDA-approved research. These products are not intended to diagnose, treat, cure or prevent any disease. All information presented here is not meant as a substitute for or alternative to information from health care practitioners. Please consult your health care professional about potential interactions or other possible complications before using any product.
Dry Mouth: As is the case with many other hemp- and marijuana-based products, CBD oil often leads to a condition known as dry mouth (or cottonmouth). This is likely due to cannabinoids altering receptors in the lower jaw that trigger salivation. In most cases, mild discomfort and stronger-than-average thirst are the only issues associated with dry mouth.

Quick review: We love CBDistillery for the value. With quality CBD oils starting at $20, CBDistillery offers good products at a great price. This affordability has made CBDistillery one of the fastest growing companies in the hemp space. Their Colorado-grown product line is also comprehensive, including various oil concentrations, salves, edibles, and suppositories.
What you gain from Full Spectrum CBD is called the “entourage effect.” Studies have suggested that CBD is most effective when it’s combined with other cannabinoids. Each cannabinoid has its own properties and confers its own benefits. Working together, a synergy is created that boosts the healing properties of CBD. Full spectrum CBD does, however, bring with it the sticky issue of THC. The government regulates concentration levels of THC at 0.3 percent, an amount which results in minimal psychoactivity.

There are many websites claiming that their CBD oils can cure everything. This is not true! Reputable companies extract their CBD oils from specific strains, and remember that each strain has its own unique CBD/THC ratios. Also, some are Sativa and some are Indica; therefore, the oil extracts may work better on some conditions and some individuals than on others. Always read the fine print, and if a company offers a list of medical conditions the CBD oil treats best, just know that it’s completely bogus.

CBD Vape Oil is very popular and can be used with a suitable vaporizer. Since this oil is generally viscous, it needs a device that can work with it. Therefore, it cannot be used with all vaporizers. Make sure you have a suitable vaporizer before using a CBD vape oil. CBD Vape oils have different concentrations and flavors. Adding terpenes also contributes to the effect.

A newcomer to our CBD oils ranking, RE: Botanicals is no stranger to hemp. Founded by John Roulac, a long-time hemp advocate and founder of the organic superfoods brand Nutiva, RE: Botanicals is one of the only CBD brands to earn the USDA organic seal. They deserve a shout-out for prioritizing regenerative agriculture, while keeping prices reasonable.   
As mentioned above, CBDPure is a natural oil extracted through cold pressing and CO2 procedures from Cannabis sativa. Specialists have identified over 80 compounds known as cannabinoids. Their research so far showed that CBD is the predominant cannabinoid, accounting for over 40% of the cannabinoids concentration. It is also the most beneficial for human health, at least from the cannabinoids studied so far.
If you live in a state where CBD is legal for your condition, it’s best to buy it from a state-regulated dispensary. But even there, oversight is uneven. “I feel safe being a cannabis consumer in Colorado, since the state tracks everything from seed to sale, but I didn’t the first few years after cannabis became legal,” when the rules were still taking shape, says Robyn Griggs Lawrence, the Boulder author of The Cannabis Kitchen Cookbook, which features recipes for cannabis edibles.
CO2 extraction is one of the most common ways CBD is extracted from the hemp or cannabis plants. This method uses expensive equipment that adjusts temperature and pressure to extract the cannabinoids from the plant material, without damaging them. The other common method is to use solvents like ethanol or butane to extract the plant material. These solvents have to be burned off the final product which may damage the cannabinoids or terpenes in the process. There is also a risk that these solvents may not have burned off completely and could end up in your end product.
CBD vape oil is a very straightforward way to take CBD. Your usage will depend on which type of vape product you purchase. If you buy vape oil, you will need to fill a vaporizer with the oil. Otherwise, you can buy a vape kit that includes a disposable vape cartridge which simply screws into the vaporizer. This option completely curtails the hassle of maintaining a vaporizer needing to be refilled with e-liquid. If you are using a re-usable vaporizer pen, keep in mind you will need to replace the tank and/or coil once in a while.
CBD derived from marijuana is a different story, and the law varies from state to state. But as long as you’re using CBD oil that contains less than 0.3 percent THC, you have nothing to be concerned about anywhere in the United States. On the other hand, if you want to take your CBD on a trip outside the country, definitely look into local laws to avoid getting into awkward situations while you’re away.
Getting to sleep each night usually requires the careful placement of pillows to form a comfy “nest” plus soft music and a wait-time of 60–90 minutes. I took 2 droppers of CBD oil at bedtime while staying at my daughter’s home. In 35 minutes I was so sleepy and relaxed; I fell asleep easily without extra pillows or music…monumental for a stay away from home!
To answer the question of which CBD oil is best, we have to understand the difference between the products: cannabis CBD oil is of course made from Cannabis (marijuana), and it contains high levels of CBD and THC. In fact, the THC can be anywhere from 0.3% all the way up to 30% and beyond. Cannabis oils are normally created to combat different debilitating medical conditions (such as cancer or Multiple Sclerosis), but they are also used for maintaining general wellness.
Having 1 organic certification is hard enough. BioBloom possesses 3: the Austrian, Swiss and Hungarian Bio certificate and the British Biodynamic Association one, making it the only Cannabidiol product available in the UK with a triple organic certification. This means that from the moment it was planted in the organic soils of an Austro-Hungarian riverbed to the moment it reaches the bottle, the entire process is supervised and tested certified organic. No machines are allowed in the hemp farms and the entire process of harvesting and drying the cannabis plants is done by hand. This is a remarkable product with a very strong taste (perhaps the strongest of all oils we’ve tried), which in our eyes means it is full of goodness. Visit the BioBloom collection.

One of the best things about the Good Hemp website is the huge number of recipes on offer. Obviously, each dish contains Good Hemp ingredients, but with a menu including meat & fish, vegetarian meals, desserts, starters, shakes and a few treats, it offers everything you need to follow a healthy and balanced diet. If things seem a little expensive, you can usually find a Good Hemp coupon available online.


While this is true to an extent, the simple fact of the matter remains that pure CBD oil with customer-backed qualities is a rarity in the legal hemp marketplace. The vast majority of CBD oil online (even products that are extracted with CO2 technology and "verified" with third-party lab reports), is still subpar in terms of potency, purity, and effectiveness.


Today, companies are extremely skillful at creating a “wow” looking product that will blow your mind. But before you rush out and purchase your first CBD oil on sale, check the seller’s website for their lab tests. Reputable companies use third-party labs to test their products, and have no problem sharing the results. This shows a lot about a company — if they are willing to share their results, then they truly believe in their product and are not hiding anything.
Since 2014, NuLeaf Naturals – our Editor’s Pick – has been committed to creating high-quality CBD oil products. As one of the oldest and most reviewed companies in the industry, NuLeaf Naturals has established themselves as a trustworthy CBD manufacturer. All of their products are tested by third party labs and their cannabinoid profile is impressive. They offer a unique range of concentrations for their organic CBD products ranging from 240mg to 4,850mg.
BioBloom Hemp believes that their range of drops, 4%, 6% and 8% extracts, are all you need. Not only if you’re getting started with CBD oil, but also if you’re looking to take a high-strength concentrate. How can you accomplish a 40% effect (the strongest available) with a 4% concentrate? You would just need to take more of it; so, instead of taking 1 drop of a 40% CBD, you take 10 drops of BioBloom’s 4% CBD drops. The CBD content is the same, but BioBloom says that this equivalence comes with an added benefit: you get more of the full-spectrum cannabinoid profile. In other words, by taking more of the oil, you take in more cannabinoids, thus enhancing the effect of the main active ingredient.
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